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Michael

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Michael last won the day on June 15 2019

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  1. My 1978 is down to around 2600 lbs... that's aggressively stripped, including cutting off bits from the tub, partially gutted doors, no dash, etc. Granted, that's with a big-block (aluminum heads), beefy mild-steel "roll cage" and very heavy steel bellhousing. An LS would be lighter, but not 500 pounds lighter, right? Yes, batteries still have horrible energy density, but they do have excellent power density. If I were attempting any organized form of racing, other than drag racing, I'd use my 1991 Miata - and not a Z, or a Tesla, or a Corvette or anything like that. Instead, on the street, essentially ALL that matters for me personally, is grin-inducing sharp but brief bursts of acceleration. The big block Z is starting to do that acceptably. In stock form it never had a chance. Electric cars have potential to do it very well. The Tesla that I test drive - the Model 3 Performance - on paper has about the same hp as my big block. And it's 1400 lbs heavier. But at least subjectively, it felt faster. Because I'm not racing in any organized environment, the subjectivity is all that matters! And if we do an apples-to-apples comparison, what does a GT Mustang weigh these days? Or an M3 BMW? Pretty close to that Tesla! The Model S is 1000 pounds heavier. Never had a chance to drive it, but it's reputed to have a 0-60 a full second faster than the Model-3 Performance. 1000 hp in a 5000 lb car. Would my Datsun ever achieve 500 hp in a 2500 lb car?
  2. Two data points… A local friend (also a member here) graciously let me drive his basically-stock 260Z. The engine has a more aggressive cam. Wider wheels/tires and maybe upgraded shocks… otherwise stock. The car is beautifully restored, but compared to my daily driver – a 1991 Miata – it feels sluggish and ponderous. Again, I mean this with no offense towards the builder; he did a marvelous job. The “offense”, if there is one, is against the stock S30. Second data point is test-driving a Tesla Model 3 Performance. This thing is nothing short of phenomenal. Yes, it’s heavy and vague at times, but so is a modern M3 or Camaro. The Tesla delivered precisely the sort of punch that I’d love to have from my big-block Z. Speaking of the latter, I finally drove it the other day. It had *nearly* the on-demand acceleration of the Tesla. It was lighter than the stock 260Z, or at least felt lighter. Steering effort was less, and driver position was more comfortable. The extra torque made it feel more “connected”, although the high noise was ghastly uncomfortable. At the risk of getting banned here, my next car will be electric!
  3. Plan was to start a new fuel cell foam thread, but this thread - despite being 10+ years old - seems ripe for continuation. Triangle Engineering aluminum 20 gallon fuel cell, with foam... bought 23 years ago, sitting sometimes with fuel, mostly without, for about 22 years now, in a humid environment. Probably I should replace the foam, yes? If I don't, at least temporarily, would a standard inline fuel filter handle the "crud"? This is a carbureted engine, no return line, 3/8" feeder line, mechanical pump (driven off of the cam via pushrod), making about 7 psi. I can't find a web page for Triangle Engineering. Are they still in business?
  4. I can solder, and I have a basic understanding of control theory (PIDs, root-locus diagrams, pole placement, gain and phase margins, open loop vs. closed loop transfer functions, stability criteria and so on). What I can't do is write Python code or otherwise handle software at any serious level. I'm also terrified of making a blunder... Wrong integral gain and an otherwise stable system goes radically unstable (pole-pair goes into right half plane, due to the integral controller transfer-function block). No idea what that means for an engine... probably nothing gentle. Also, conversion from carb to EFI means a much higher pressure fuel pump (probably stand-alone electric; maybe even in-tank), injectors on rails, the right sensor suite (presumably at least an oxygen sensor in one of the header collectors), a throttle body and so on. Lots of stuff, beyond just a circuit board in a pot-metal box. Coworkers have played with Arduino controllers for basic lab-type of control tasks. Applying that to a car sound intriguing... but complicated. It would be far easier to start wtih a factory EFI car, perhaps? I'm thinking of my 1991 Miata, which has the larger engine, from a 1996, but the original sensors and electronics. It runs rich and is low on power above 4500 rpm or so, probably from intake restrictions and a very confused ECU.
  5. At the risk of diluting or derailing this thread, it's worth observing, that over the past 20-25 years, the pantheon of aftermarket electronic engine management systems has become bewilderingly complicated and sophisticated. This is fine for the expert, or even the dedicated hobbyist. But where does this leave the guy who just wants to hop-up his naturally aspirated carbureted engine, to idle better, get slightly better mpg and maybe a flatter torque curve? It seem that that customer base - which, perhaps naively, I'd imagine to be the majority of the hot-rod hobby - isn't being well-served. Why is that?
  6. The main hoop connects to a triangulation between the rocker panels (beams?), forward edge of the wheel wells, and floor. I don't presently have a good photo of the subject area, but here's another shot of the removed "tool box" (shelf?) area:
  7. Another case of removing this structure…. By one reckoning, the “tool box” is the upper part of a lateral beam, of which the lower part would be the OEM crossmember featured in this thread. But I take umbrage: this “upper part” connects to the wheel wells… a flimsy structure unrelated to any suspension pickup points. Indeed, I am confounded, as to what structural role this “tool box” plays at all. Instead, some race sanctioning bodies call for a diagonal connection between the main roll hoop the frame rails. This is what’s attempted in the photograph. The “tool box” is removed, a plate is welded the floor, and a diagonal is welded between said plate and the main hoop. Ideally the frame rails would extend to “near” the LCA front pickup point, so these diagonals to some extant react to prevent the LCA pickup points from moving away or toward each other. Still, I would be inclined to retain some facsimile of the OEM crossmember, perhaps duly notched to accept twin exhaust. In the photo below, we're looking just behind the passenger seat (folded forward); the passenger-side wheel well is to the left, and the transmission tunnel to the right. The "tool box" would, if still remaining, have begun just behind the plate to which the diagonal is welded.
  8. The trouble with 225/45 or even 225/50 on 15" wheels is total tire diameter (23" or 23.8", respectively). I suppose that in the front it doesn't much matter, but in the rear, it results in artificially deep gearing, meaning high highway rpms... and reduced grip for drag racing purposes. Something close in diameter to factory-stock would be the M&H 245/55-15 drag radial (https://www.mandhtires.com/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=159), but I'm not sure that this is appropriate for a 7"-wide wheel. Eventually I'd love to get 325/50-15 tires, but that's more of a pipe-dream than a "plan".
  9. Welcome! Just a brief note on backspacing and offset… Add 1” to the nominal wheel width. So, a 15”x8” has 9” lip-to-lip width. Half of that, is 4.5”. If the inner mounting-face of the bolt circle is 4.5” outboard of the inner lip edge, that is 0 offset. It’s also 4.5” backspacing. Confusingly, often we see offset in millimeters but backspacing and width in inches. And unfortunately, most wheels these days are designed for FWD cars, resulting in large positive offset. So, an offset of +25mm means a backspacing of 5.5”. For wide wheels on a Z, we are limited on backspacing, because the wheel rim or the tire sidewall will contact the McPherson strut spring perch. We can roll or cut the fenders, but other than a coilover setup with smaller diameter spring perch, we’re stuck on the inner-side. On my 1978 280Z, with 14x7 wheels with zero offset (thus, 4” backspacing), on the rear, I measure 0.75” between the wheel inner lip and the spring perch. A 15x8 with zero offset (4.5” backspacing) would presumably move the wheel inner lip 0.5” further inboard, meaning that is just barely clears at the wheel. I can not vouch for how it would clear at the tire. Thus on the inner side. On the outer side, it all depends on spring stiffness and ride height. My car is “jacked up”, and there is ample room between the top of the tire and the fender lip. I could probably run “infinite” width tires and not risk contact with the fender lip. Others, especially on lowered cars, may not have such convenience. As a trial-fit, I just installed 15x7s with 225/40-15 tires. The result is a bit… gappy.
  10. If I were aiming for 15" wheels, which actually is very much my own current predicament, then the most appealing candidate, at least in the rear, is 15x8, 0-offset or slightly negative offset. Tires would be M&H Racemasters, 245/55-15: https://www.mandhtires.com/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=159 . These look to fit inside 280Z rear wheel-wells, possibly with moderate rolling/trimming of the fender lip, but no flares. Anything larger would require more aggressive mods, that if done poorly, would be hard to reverse. Then the discussion passes to 15x8 wheel options, in offset, bolt pattern and hub diameter that work with our cars. Suprisingly (or not?), options are few. I had a thread about a year ago, here: https://forums.hybridz.org/topic/132345-vors-wheels-specifically-tr3-opinions/ .. regarding one possible promsing option... but haven't yet made a decision. Popeye1, have you done the "coilover" mods, or other suspension mods? Relocation of the spring perch would be very helpful, in allowing the running of a wider wheel/tire, within the stock fenderwell. I haven't done this, mostly from lack of interest or laziness, and that unfortunately constrains the options.
  11. Several of us have been revisiting the wide wheel/tire issue, after years of tinkering with other aspects of the car. Some considerations: 1. The better wheel selection is only in 5-lug. That entails a 5-lug conversion before any further dabbling in wheels/tires. But if going 5-lug, the brakes-question is immediately begged... namely to remain stock, or to "upgrade" - and by how much, and for what purpose. 2. As noted, 15" tire options are much constrained, other than for pure drag-slicks. To enjoy good selection in streetable tires with good traction, we almost invariably have to go to 17" or larger. 3. Since presumably the question of tires is prompted by that of traction, we first have to build every thing else... engine, drivetrain, suspension and so on - before delving into wheels/tires. Then we see how much traction we have, and how much additional is needed. Unfortunately this is a closed loop, because better tires mean more traction, stressing things like the halfhafts or companion flanges and so on, and that means upgrade of components. 4. Tires "fully" filling flares raises the question of suspension travel... rates, damping and so on. Too much travel and the tires will rub (or even shred). Not enough, and the ride is harsh, or even worse, the orientation of the tire contact patch with respect to the pavement is bad. Maybe good aesthetic fit results, unfortunately, in poor traction. 5. Depending on year of the S30, a stock suspension tends to be "jacked up". To lower the car entails its own set of issues... cut springs, coilovers, worry about bumpsteer in the front and bad halfhaft droop angles in the rear. The stock height might makes these issues earier, but then, what of the aesthetics? 6. It seems to be wiser to take an incremental approach, changing a few things first, reassessing and revising as needed. But some of the proposed changes, such as going to 5-lug, are big and risky leaps. So we're liable to spend lots of money on an experimental dead-end that weighs more, works badly and isn't aesthetically all that appealing... the price of learning!
  12. Doubtless AME are knowledgeable people, but most of their market is going to be muscle car restomods, whose aim is to ride well, handle lots of power, and look good. Road racing is probably not their market, and indeed, it is unlikely that they have any road-racing entries of note. Thus they are probably doing a cost-benefit calculation when deciding to what extent to field abstruse questions related to handling. Well, that, and probably some worry about trade-secrets too. As to questions about track width and wheel fitment and so forth, one supposes that details on the order of 1/2" would have to be worked-out once the chassis is installed. Such level of accuracy would be too hard to predict, if for no other reason than the variability of the Z unibody and how it would be welded to the chassis. I would expect several iterations of wheel fitment and other such details, unfortunately likely causing revision of orders of costly parts. This is the downside of a large leap forward in the construction saga, vs. steady (but frustrating!) incrementalism. Several of us have followed the trusty JTR V8 swap-book's recommendation to move the front lower control arms ipick-up point in the K-member outboard by around 1/2" each (or was it 1/4" each? I forget now). That results in a slightly larger front track width. I have driven the car with this mod casually, in brief spurts, but can not report with any rigor as to how handling-feel has changed, or whether anything has convincingly improved or gotten worse.
  13. After likewise >20 years of pondering the pros/cons, one concludes that there’s no comprehensive or optimal “right answer”. Any compelling plan can easily be assailed by an even more compelling counter-plan. Meanwhile, time ticks. Merely old cars become venerable classics (or rust heaps), and our own youth spills into middle-age and beyond. Eventually we just want to be done, to show progress and to have something definitive, even if it fails by whatever criteria to be “optimal”. That said, the quandary with any of these comprehensive chassis-kits is the labor and cost of grafting them into the Datsun unibody. A roll-cage, or more properly a tube chassis that is welded into the Datsun unibody, is more trouble to engineer, relative to a ready-engineered ladder-bar frame… but it is a more natural fit. Also, to really get the torsional rigidity that some people desire (or some applications demand?), there are all sorts of tubes to be welded onto the ladder bar. There are alternative ready-built tub-chassis space frames, but again, it’s unclear that this is “optimal” either. The ready-built ladder frame also has the suspension and brakes worked out… not a minor thing, for those of us with radical power-increases and concerns, again over 20+ years, for how to put the power to the pavement. Is the AME frame pre-welded – I mean, does it come ready-built, as on AME’s web page? Or is there the frenetic exercise of getting all those bits aligned, tacked and welded-up?
  14. Yup, it's that time of year again! HybridZ is officially 22, which makes it what - a fresh college graduate? Time to enter the workforce? OK, informal poll: who here has been working on THE SAME CAR for 22+ years, and the vehicle still isn't road-worthy?
  15. 12 years later, a (dare I say it?) perennially interesting topic! As was asked earlier in the thread, a bit of confusion: why exactly merge the Armada and Z32 parts, instead of just going all-Armada? Oh, and the appeal of doing so: that 2.94 ratio, which is numerically smaller than anything that I've been able to find in the Ford 8.8" series, that being the most obvious competitor today. Mounting the differential-housing is presumably an exercise in domestic-engineering (or somebody's kit). And the half-shafts can presumably be shortened or otherwise modified by a competent shop. The bigger quesion is what to do at the stub axles and companion flanges... that is, how to replace the factory Datsun stuff with components of strength comparable to that of the Armada.
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